with Italy, Slovenia, Hungary, Serbia, Bosnia, and
The principal language is Croatian, a Slavic language
based on the Latin alphabet. Due to its geographic
location between the Alps and the Adriatic Sea,
as well as in the delta of the Una, Kupa, Sava,
Drava and Danube river there are great climatic
variabilities, and therefore different flora and
The seaside area, i.e. the coastal stretch by the
Adriatic embraces the islands, the coast and the
lower hinterland as well as two kinds of climate:
the Mediterranean (in the coastal area and on the
islands) and the continental.
The indented coast is 1,777 kilometers long, and
the coast line along with 1,185 islands and isles
amounts to 4,012 kilometers.
The climate is defined as continental in the interior
and Mediterranean on the coast characterized by
hot summers, many sunny days, and mild and rainy
winters. For instance the island of Hvar (with an
average temperature of 8.7 oC in January) has 2,718
hours of sunshine a year, Dubrovnik has 2,584. As
a comparison, Nice has 2,706 sunny hours. The sea
temperature in summer reaches up to 27°C.
The main natural peculiarity
is the blue sea, the coastal karst, and the Mediterranean
Flights connect Zagreb to a swag of European cities.
There are several more international airports along
the coast (Dubrovnik, Split, Pula, Rijeka, Zadar,
Brac, Losinj). and Osijek in North-Eastern Croatia.
Buses run between Zagreb and several cities in Italy,
Austria, France, Hungary, The Netherlands and Belgium,
as well as to all neighboring countries. (Belgium).
A very comprehensive coach network connects all
parts of the country. Bus service between major
cities (intercity lines) is quite frequent, as well
as regional services. Trains connect Zagreb to Italy,
Germany, Austria, Hungary, Slovenia, Bosnia, Yugoslavia
and Romania, while ferries link Croatia to Greece
and Italy. The Croatian coastal towns and cities
are served by ferry and ship services. The inhabited
islands are linked with the mainland (and some of
them also with other islands) by ferry/ship services.
During the summer, the frequency of ferry sailings
is usually increased and fast hydrofoil services
are added. The summer sailing schedule normally
remains in operation from 31 May to 28 September.
Travelers with their own vehicle can use four border
crossings between Hungary and Croatia, 29 between
Slovenia and Croatia, 23 between Bosnia and Croatia
and seven between Yugoslavia and Croatia.
tourism - The majority of accomodation-facilities
is situated in the coastal area from Savudria in
the North to Prevlaka in the South, where during
the summer season tourists may stay at pleasant
hotels, apartments, tourist colonies, campsites.
Very seldom you will find such untouched nature
and pure sea.
Nautical tourism - The Adriatic Sea is an
extraordinarily interesting and attractive resource
of the Croatian nautical possibilities. A more intensive
development of nautical tourism in the last decade
completes the Croatian tourist offer. Croatia has
41 marinas with all necessary accompanying facilities
at its disposal.
Health resorts - Numerous medicinal, mineral
and thermal springs offer the possibility of developing
this kind of tourism. In the continental area there
is a series of spas and health resorts in Daruvar,
Lipik, Bizovac, Varazdin, Stubica, Krapina and Tuhelj
in the vicinity of Zagreb. Famous spas in the coastal
area are in Umag, Opatija, Crikvenica, Veli Losinj,
Korucula, Hvar and Makarska.
Mountain-climbing - Numerous mountainous
areas - from gray and bare steeps attractive to
courageous climbers to solid vegetation layers suitable
for pleasant hiking trips - are propitious for mountain-climbing.
Many marked tracks are a proof of an old tradition
Winter tourism - Although Croatia has natural
conditions suitable for the development of winter
sports activities at its disposal, they still have
not been fully put to profitable use. Ski-runs are
located on Platak, the Plitvice Lakes, Medvednica
near Zagreb and Bjelolasica.
Convention tourism - In terms of convention
tourism Croatia takes an important place in the
world. By organizing many specialized conventions
in the tourist centers of the country (Zagreb, Brijuni
Islands, Opatija, Porec, Umag, Rovinj, Pula, Zadar,
Sibenik, Split, Dubrovnik), Croatia made its way
among the most important convention centers worldwide.
Religious tourism - Catholicism has always
fostered the tradition of pilgrimages to national
sanctuaries in Croatia. The most renowned are in
Marija Bistrica, Trsat near Rijeka, Aljmas, Slavonski
brod, Sinj. Many pilgrims visit Medjugorje in Herzegovina
(Bosnia and Herzegovina) after having been to Dubrovnik
National Tourist Board
Good general source of information for visitors